There are no compulsory vaccination requirements for persons entering South Africa. Travellers from yellow fever-affected countries require inoculations to enter South Africa, e.g. Brazil, certain of its neighbouring countries and central Africa.
Certain northern areas of South Africa, including the north-eastern part of KwaZulu-Natal, are malaria regions. In winter, these areas will be low risk, but if you anticipate travelling to a malaria area it is recommended that you take prophylactics before arrival and the necessary precautions while in the area (e.g. protective clothing, insect repellents). South African doctors and dentists are highly trained and hospitals are well equipped. It is strongly advised that delegates take appropriate health insurance prior to their departure.
Time difference (GM+2)
South Africa operates two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time throughout the year, making it the same time as Central European Summer Time and six hours in advance of US Eastern Daylight Time.
Value Added Tax (VAT) at the rate of 15% is levied on most goods and services and is included in the display price of most goods. International visitors are encouraged to keep their slips as they can reclaim VAT on goods (not services) priced higher than R250.00 at the airport on departure, some harbours and at Customs Offices.
In South African restaurants, it is customary to tip a minimum of between 10 - 15% of the bill. For tables larger than 10 it is common for the tip to be included in the bill. It is also customary to tip anyone who has provided a service to you (car guards, petrol attendants, hotel porters, tour guide operators, masseuses etc).
Currency in South Africa is the Rand, denoted by the symbol R, with One Rand (R1) made up of 100 cents. Foreign currency can be exchanged at local banks and bureau de changes. All major credit cards such as American Express, Bank of America, Diners, Master Card, Visa and affiliates are accepted in most places in South Africa. Generally, credit cards are not accepted for the purchase of petrol. Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) offer a complete 24-hour service. Machines displaying international credit and debit card logos can be used with the respective cards.